Dr.Kwame Nkrumah was a Ghanaian politician, political theorist and revolutionary who lived from September 21, 1909 to April 27, 1972. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana and led the country to independence from the United Kingdom in 1957 Nkrumah was a prominent advocate of pan-Africanism and a founding member of the Organization for African Unity. In 1962 he received the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union. Nkrumah returned to the Gold Coast after spending twelve years abroad to study, establish his political ideology, and coordinate with other pan-Africanists in the diaspora to begin his political career as a defender of national independence. He founded the Popular Convention Party, which quickly gained public notoriety thanks to its incomparable appeal. He was elected Prime Minister in 1952 and remained in office when Ghana gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957. In 1960, the Ghanaians approved a new constitution and Nkrumah was elected president. his government was essentially socialist and nationalist. It supported national economic and energy initiatives, as well as building a strong national education system and promoting a pan-African culture. During the decolonization phase, Ghana under Nkrumah played a key role in African foreign policy. A constitutional amendment in 1964 made Ghana a one-party state, with Nkrumah as the nation’s president and party for life. The National Liberation Council overthrew Nkrumah in 1966 and, under his supervision, the international financial institutions privatized several public companies in the country. He spent the rest of Nkrumah’s life in Guinea, where he was elected honorary co-chair.
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