Typhoid Fever: cause, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and treatment

Every year, an estimated 11-20 million people get sick from typhoid, and between 128,000 and 161,000 people do not survive it.


Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi that can lead to a high fever, diarrhea and vomiting, and even be life-threatening.


It is usually contracted through contaminated food or water ingested by an individual.


Symptoms of Typhoid fever

Usually, symptoms begin 6-30 days after you have been exposed to the bacteria and are likely to develop gradually after that.


Once an infected person’s fever is high up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit or 40 degrees Celsius, the person could develop a rash and in other cases diarrhea, vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, constipation, weakness. However, this is not normally severe.


There could be other symptoms such as extremely swollen stomach, dry cough, muscle aches, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

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Diagnosis and Treatment

The bacteria which is passed into the intestinal tract can be detected in stool samples, blood, or urine.

Antibiotics are known as the only effective treatment for typhoid and the most commonly used are ciprofloxacin and azithromycin. It is very important to always rehydrate by drinking adequate water.


Here are some steps to follow when you are being treated for typhoid:

Ensure to take all prescribed antibiotics for the period stated by the doctor

Wash your hands properly with soap and water from time to time.


Go for check-ups regularly.

Avoid drinking untreated water, eating raw or unwashed fruits and vegetables.

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